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HRNK- Mobile Telecommunications and Private Transportation Services 
Date : January 13, 2019
North Korea’s Mobile Telecommunications and Private Transportation Services in the Kim Jong-un EraBy Yonho KimTABLE OF CONTENTSI. INTRODUCTIONII. MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN THE KIM JONG-UN ERA1. Introduction of Mobile Telecommunications Services2. Increased Number of Subscribers3. Changes in the MarketIII. PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION SERVICES IN THE KIM JONG-UN ERA1. The Advent and Development of Servi-Cha2. Operating Conditions of Servi-Cha in North Korea3. Checkpoints and CorruptionIV. THE COMBINATION OF CELL PHONES AND SERVI-CHA1. Owners and Drivers of Servi-ChaA. Gas TradeB. Brokers and ForwardersC. Servi-Cha Owners and Drivers’NetworkD. Crackdowns at Checkpoints2. Servi-Cha UsersA. Freight Charge Comparisons and Market PricesB. Fixing PricesC. Operation Information3. Changes in the MarketA. Specialization in the Distribution Stage: ‘Sedentary Business’B. Long-distance Money TransfersC. Expansion of Trade VolumeD. Prolonged Business Relations – CredibilityV. CONCLUSION
Date : December 12, 2018
“You Cry at Night but Don’t Know Why” 
Date : November 1, 2018
“You Cry at Night but Don’t Know Why”Sexual Violence against Women in North KoreaOh Jung Hee is a former trader in her forties from Ryanggang province. She sold clothes to market stalls in Hyesan city and was involved in the distribution of textiles in her province. She said that up until she left the country in 2014, guards would regularly pass by the market to demand bribes, sometimes in the form of coerced sexual acts or intercourse. She told Human Rights Watch:I was a victim many times … On the days they felt like it, market guards or police officials could ask me to follow them to an empty room outside the market, or some other place they’d pick. What can we do? They consider us [sex] toys … We [women] are at the mercy of men. Now, women cannot survive without having men with power near them. ......[Source: Human Rights Watch]
Annual Report of SR for the 73rd session of GA in 2018 
Date : September 25, 2018
Seventy-third session Item 74(c) of the provisional agenda(Advance unedited version)Situation of human rights in the Democratic People’sRepublic of KoreaThe present report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is submitted pursuant to the General AssemblySummaryThe present report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is submitted pursuant to the General Assembly resolution 72/188.  In this report, the mandate holder provides an overview of recent developments in the human rights situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, in particular after the country opened up to peace and denuclearisation dialogue with the Republic of Korea and the  United States of America. The Special Rapporteur analyses the implications of these talks for human rights and provides recommendation as to how this opening can be used to improve the human rights situation in the  Democratic  People’s Republic of Korea.  The analysis is based on the results of recent testimonies of people who left t…
Date : July 24, 2018
PERVASIVE, PUNITIVE,AND PREDETERMINED:UNDERSTANDINGMODERN SLAVERYIN NORTH KOREAWalk Free Foundation & Leiden UniversityAuthorsRemco E. Breuker is Professor of Korean Studies at Leiden University and Director of the Leiden Asia Centre.Imke van Gardingen (LLM int. & EU labour law, MA Korean Studies) is a researcher on DPRK overseas labour and policy advisor on labour migration at the Dutch Federation of Trade Unions.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s 2017 Annual Human Rights and Democracy Re... 
Date : July 18, 2018
Lord Ahmad publishes Annual Human Rights Report 2017Minister for Human Rights Lord Tariq Ahmad of Wimbledon, publishes the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s 2017 Annual Human Rights and Democracy Report.Today (16 July) Lord Ahmad, the Minister for Human Rights Lord Tariq Ahmad of Wimbledon, publishes the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s 2017 Annual Human Rights and Democracy Report.The report is a barometer for the global human rights picture with particular emphasis on the FCO’s 30 Human Rights Priority Countries. The report also focuses on how the UK is working to protect and promote human rights across the world.It covers the period from January to December 2017.The Minister for Human Rights, Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, said:" 50 years ago the UK played a vital role in drafting the seminal text that remains the cornerstone for human rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights." However, the ongoing repression of people’s rights reminds us that our work to defend them is as pressing and urgent as ever." This report is vital in documenting the serious concerns we have about the human rights situations in a range of countries." Standing up for human rights is not only the r…
HRW Q & A: North Korea, Sanctions, and Human Rights 
Date : June 8, 2018
Q&A: North Korea, Sanctions, and Human RightsThis questions-and-answers document sets out the sanctions regime and other diplomatic measures imposed on North Korea, Human Rights Watch’s position on sanctions, and recommendations for addressing North Korea’s human rights record. It explains how existing sanctions on North Korea operate, why they were imposed, and how they might be relaxed, lifted, or tightened.Sanctions on North Korea include measures related to nuclear weapons proliferation activities imposed by the United Nations Security Council and some UN member states, including the United States and members of the European Union. They also include targeted economic and travel-related sanctions and measures imposed bilaterally on high-level North Korean officials for human rights reasons.What types of sanctions are currently imposed on North Korea?What is Human Rights Watch’s position on non-proliferation and human rights sanctions?What human rights sanctions against North Korea are currently in place?Do US sanctions, which only apply to US persons, companies, and financial institutions, have an effect outside of the United States?How do the UN …
Panmunjeom Declaration 
Date : April 30, 2018
Panmunjeom Declaration for Peace, Prosperity, and Unification of the Korean Peninsula During this momentous period of historical transformation on the Korean Peninsula, reflecting the enduring aspiration of the Korean people for peace, prosperity and unification, President Moon Jae-in of the Republic of Korea and Chairman Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea held an Inter-Korean Summit Meeting at the ‘Peace House’ at Panmunjeom on April 27, 2018.The two leaders solemnly declared before the 80 million Korean people and the whole world that there will be no more war on the Korean Peninsula and thus a new era of peace has begun.The two leaders, sharing the firm commitment to bring a swift end to the Cold War relic of longstanding division and confrontation, to boldly approach a new era of national reconciliation, peace and prosperity, and to improve and cultivate inter-Korean relations in a more active manner, declared at this historic site of Panmunjeom as follows :1. South and North Korea will reconnect the blood relations of the people and bring forward the future of co-prosperity and unification led by Koreans by facilitating …
Universal Periodic Review Documentation 
Date : April 12, 2018
Universal Periodic Review - Democratic People’s Republic of KoreaAll NK UPR-related documentation
Report of the Special Rapporteur-A/HRC/37/69 
Date : March 19, 2018
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Statement by Tomas Ojea Quintana at the 37th HRC 
Date : March 14, 2018
UN expert Tomás Ojea Quintana briefed the Human Rights Council this morning on the human rights situation in the DPRK. He called upon the Council to not to lose sight of human rights in the DPRK, and to play an active role in reaching out to the authorities in relation to human rights. He urged the Council for the need to visit the country and engage with the DPRK. 
Date : March 2, 2018
THE EDUCATION OF KIM JONG–UNBY JUNG H. PAK, Brookings InstitutionFebruary 2018WHEN NORTH KOREAN STATE MEDIA reported in December 2011 that leader Kim Jong-il had died at the age of 70 of a heart attack from “overwork,” I was a relatively new analyst at the Central Intelligence Agency. Everyone knew that Kim had heart issues—he had suffered a stroke in 2008—and that the day would probably come when his family’s history of heart disease and his smoking, drinking, and partying would catch up with him. His father and founder of the country Kim Il-sung had also died of a heart attack in 1994. Still, the death was jarring. ......
Opinions adopted by WGAD 
Date : February 28, 2018
Opinions adopted by WGAD at the 18th session, 20–24 November 2017Opinion No. 80/2017 concerning Il Joo, Cheol Yong Kim, Eun Ho Kim, Kwang Ho Kim and Seong Min Yoon (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)* 1. The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention was established in resolution 1991/42 of the Commission on Human Rights, which extended and clarified the Working Group’s mandate in its resolution 1997/50. Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 60/251 and Human Rights Council decision 1/102, the Council assumed the mandate of the Commission. The mandate of the Working Group was most recently extended for a three-year period in Council resolution 33/30 of 30 September 2016. .....
Date : February 28, 2018
The Amnesty International Report 2017/18 documents the state of the world’s human rights in 159 countries and territories during 2017. Conflict, austerity measures and natural disasters pushed many into deeper poverty and insecurity; millions were forced to flee their homes and seek refuge elsewhere in their own countries or across international borders. Discrimination remained rife in all regions of the world, and at times had deadly consequences for the victims. Governments of all persuasions continued to crack down on the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly.
Date : February 7, 2018
MOVIES, MARKETS AND MASS SURVEILLANCEIn 2007 Christian Solidarity Worldwide published a ground-breaking report on human rights violations in North Korea. The report, A Case to Answer, a Call to Act, set out the case for urgent action to address human rights abuses and called on the UN General Assembly to establish a commission of inquiry (COI).In 2014 the COI produced a comprehensive report which concluded that the ‘gravity, scale and nature’ of the violations of human rights in North Korea ‘reveal a State that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world.’ Following the report, the UN Human Rights Council passed a strong resolution on the issue which included a request for the Security Council to take action. In November 2014 the General Assembly’s human rights committee also approved a resolution that acknowledged the COI findings, and in December that year the Security Council formally added the human rights situation in the DPRK to its agenda.Ten years on from CSW’s 2007 call for a COI, CSW’s new report looks at what has changed in the last decade, both inside and outside the country. [Source: CSW]
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