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Promoting accountability in the DPRK 
Date : February 3, 2021
Promoting accountability in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human RightsHuman Rights CouncilForty-sixth session 22 February–19 March 2021 SummarySubmitted pursuant  to  Human  Rights  Council  resolution  40/20,  the  present  report describes the activities of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in promoting accountability for human rights violations in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, highlighting the progress made and the challenges encountered. It also examines information the Office has gathered on human rights violations committed in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the light of relevant international legal standards. It concludes with recommendations addressed to the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Member States, the  Human Rights Council and the General  Assembly and all stakeholders.United Nations
HRW: Worth Less Than an Animal 
Date : October 19, 2020
“Worth Less Than an Animal”Abuses and Due Process Violations in Pretrial Detention in North KoreaIn late 2014, police officers entered the home of Lim Ok Kyung, a smuggler in her forties from North Korea’s South Hwanghae province. The police were looking for, and found, home appliances smuggled from China. Lim Ok Kyung was detained at a detention and interrogation facility (kuryujang) run by the police near the border. Her husband, a mid-level party member, had good connections, so she was released after 10 days. Yet that did not prevent the investigator or police guards from beating her. Lim Ok Kyung described her experience to Human Rights Watch:  ......[Source: Human Rights Watch]
Report of the SR on the situation of human rights in the DPRK 
Date : October 15, 2020
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of KoreaA report by UN Human Rights expert Tomás Ojea Quintana on the human rights situation in the DPRK in the context of COVID19 outbreak and progress made towards peace on the Korean Peninsula. Summary The present report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic  People’s  Republic  of  Korea  is  submitted  pursuant  to  General  Assembly resolution  74/166.  In  the  report,  the  mandate  holder  provides  an  overview  of  recent developments in the human rights situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the context of the threat of the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak as well as progress made towards peace, security and denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula. The report updates the international community on issues of concern regarding the situation of human rights and reiterates the importance of engagement with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
Laying the human rights foundations for peace 
Date : October 15, 2020
Laying the human rights foundations for peaceSupporting an inclusive and human rights-centred peace process in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Laying the human rights foundations for peaceDiscussion paper, September 2020[Source: United Nations Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (Seoul)]
North Korean Phone Money 
Date : September 18, 2020
North Korean Phone Money: Airtime Transfers as a Precursor to Mobile Payment SystemBy Yonho KimNorth  Korea’s  rhetoric  has  increasingly  emphasized  economic  development  since  Kim  Jong  Un  took  power  in  2011.  After  declaring  completion  of  the  state  nuclear  force  in  his  2018  New  Year’s address, Kim announced in April 2018 a “new strategic line” that shifted from the paral-lel (byungjin) policy of pursuing both economic growth and nuclear weapons to concentrating on the economy.1 Furthermore, fully aware of the failure of the inconsistent market policies of his father and predecessor, Kim Il Sung, Kim has shown greater tolerance for market activities and introduced some economic reform measures, including increased managerial latitude for state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and farmers’ limited right to sell excess output at market prices. ....[Source: UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEAC]
UNSG report on the human rights situation in NK 
Date : September 11, 2020
U.N. Secretary-General’s report on the human rights situation in the DPRKThis report provides an update to the United Nations General Assembly on the human rights situation in the DPRK over the past year.  It includes the situation of human rights in the context of COVID-19, and the challenges the pandemic poses to people’s access to food, water and healthcare.  It presents an update on the situation of people in places of detention, as well as developments in respect of fundamental freedoms, freedom of movement, the right to work, separated families and international abductions.  The report also illustrates an overview of the DPRK’s engagement with the United Nations human rights system over the past year.  It ends with the Secretary-General’s conclusions, and a list of recommendations to the DPRK Government and the international community on steps needed to improve the human rights situation in the DPRK.  
Laying the human rights foundations for peace 
Date : September 8, 2020
Laying the human rights foundations for peace: Supporting an inclusive and human rights-centred peace process in the Democratic People’s Republic of KoreaThis paper was presented today at the Korea Global Peace Forum[Source: United Nations Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (Seoul)]
How North Korean Businessmen Busted Sanctions in Congo 
Date : August 21, 2020
OVERT AFFAIRSHow North Korean Businessmen Busted Sanctions in the Democratic Republic of CongoIn 2018, two North Korean businessmen formed a construction services firm in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and engaged in activities that appear to violate sanctions adopted by the European Union (EU), the United Nations, and the United States. Despite strict international prohibitions, these individuals opened a bank account for their company, Congo Aconde, and undertook construction projects in the country. One such project involved erecting statues in a remote provincial capital, a type of construction explicitly forbidden by UN sanctions adopted in 2016. In another apparent violation of UN sanctions, Congolese government funds reportedly served to pay for the statues. Notably, Congo Aconde’s activities also gained the attention of several prominent Congolese politicians linked to former President Joseph Kabila’s political party, and some of these politicians even rubbed shoulders with the North Korean businessmen. .......[Source: Sentry]
UN report-I still feel the pain 
Date : July 28, 2020
Women forcibly returned to North Korea suffer appalling violations in detention – UN report GENEVA / SEOUL (28 July 2020) – Women detained in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) are subjected to multiple and serious human rights violations by State security and police officials according to a UN human rights report published on Tuesday.The report is based on 100 first-hand accounts by North Korean women who were detained in the DPRK from 2009 to 2019 after being forcibly returned. These women, who eventually managed to escape the DPRK, gave detailed interviews to UN Human Rights staff.Although traveling abroad is effectively prohibited in the DPRK, women embark on dangerous journeys looking for life-saving sources of income or a new life abroad. They often fall into the hands of human traffickers, ending up as cheap bonded labour or exploited sexually, and, at times, forced into marriage. Upon their return to the DPRK, these women are detained by the Ministry of State Security or the Ministry of People’s Security. They are often sentenced to imprisonment by State officials without a trial, or after proceedings that do not meet international norms and…
Human Rights and Democracy Report 2019 
Date : July 17, 2020
Human Rights and Democracy Report 2019Activity in 2019 by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and its diplomatic network to defend human rights and promote democracy worldwide.Published 16 July 2020From: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, and The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP
Voices from the Field: Zero COVID-19 cases in DPRK, but human rights concerns re... 
Date : May 19, 2020
When the COVID-19 outbreak began in China, UN Human Rights immediately saw the potential dangers for neighbouring Democratic People's Republic of Korea (more commonly known as North Korea, hereafter "DPRK").Although, at the time of writing, the DPRK had not officially recorded any cases of COVID-19, UN Human Rights holds grave concerns for the human rights consequences that the virus – and measures taken to prevent its spread - will bring to a population which is already suffering.Signe Poulsen is the Representative for UN Human Rights in Seoul, in the Republic of Korea. From Seoul, the UN Human Rights team is monitoring the situation for people inside the DPRK.How has COVID-19 affected your work?In late February, when the number of infections in the Republic of Korea (ROK) was rapidly increasing, there was not much information about how to respond. As a precautionary measure, our staff who had possibly been exposed in locations where the virus had spread, started working from home.  Later, we extended this to most of the team, in line with the ROK Government's guidelines on physical distancing. The Seoul office was the first in UN Human Rights to begin working remotely.…
North Korea: The last transition economy? 
Date : April 10, 2020
OECD Economics Department Working PapersNorth Korea: The last transition economy?DOI: https://doi.org/10.1787/82dee315-enThe North Korean economy has been a statistical black hole for decades but is undergoing substantial transformations. Rapid post-war industrialisation was not sustained beyond the mid-1960s and South Korea’s economy far outpaced North Korea’s during the next three decades, during which trend...[Source: OECD iLibrary]
2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 
Date : March 12, 2020
2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Democratic People's Republic of Koreaby US Department of StateExecutive SummaryThe Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK or North Korea) is an authoritarian state led by the Kim family since 1949. Shortly after Kim Jong Il’s death in 2011, his son Kim Jong Un was named marshal of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army. His titles also include chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Worker’s Party of Korea, chairman of the State Affairs Commission, and Supreme Representative of the Korean People. Kim Jong Un’s grandfather, the late Kim Il Sung, remains “eternal president.” The most recent national elections, held in March, were neither free nor fair.Authorities maintained effective control over the security forces. The internal security apparatus includes the Ministries of People’s Security and State Security and the Military Security Command. A systematic and intentional overlap of powers and responsibilities existed between these organizations in order to prevent any potential subordinate consolidation of power and assure that each unit provides a check and balance on the other.Significant…
Statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights 
Date : March 12, 2020
Statement by Michelle BacheletUnited Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Distinguished President,Excellencies,Colleagues, Friends,Pursuant to resolutions 34/24 and 40/20, I am honoured to update the Council regarding the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).In line with resolutions 34/24 and 40/20, we have strengthened monitoring and documentation; continued to develop an information and evidence repository; and are currently exploring strategies for future accountability.Our monitoring indicates apparently systematic human rights violations in detention centres in the DPRK, including sexual violence against women and girls. These violations appear to be taking place under the direct authority of two Ministries, with likely involvement of higher authorities. They may amount to crimes against humanity, which could engage the individual criminal responsibility of DPRK officials.We are seeking to identify those most responsible for such crimes. We are also looking into the abduction of foreign nationals, including people from Japan and the Republic of Korea And we are working with States, civil society and other partners to identify and promote a number of avenues …
HRW World Report 2020 - North Korea 
Date : January 15, 2020
North Korea remains one of the most repressive countries in the world. Kim Jong Un, the third leader of the Kim dynasty, continues to serve as head of government and the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea, using threats of execution, arbitrary punishment of crimes, and detention and forced labor to maintain fearful obedience. Kim also continues to tightly restrict travel out of the country and communication with the outside world.The government does not tolerate any dissent. It bans independent media, civil society, and trade unions, and systematically denies basic rights, including freedom of expression, assembly, association, and religion. It systematically extracts forced, unpaid labor from its citizens to build infrastructure and public implement projects. The government also fails to protect or promote the rights of numerous at-risk groups, including women, children, and people with disabilities.In 2019, Kim Jong Un continued the diplomatic engagement efforts he started in 2018, and met with Chinese President Xi Jinping, South Korean President Moon Jae-in, US President Donald Trump, Vietnamese President Nguyen Phu Trong, and Russian President Vladimir Putin. ......[Source: Human …
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